Nine Jews were hanged in Liberation Square in 1969, but Jamal Hakim is not counted among them
Every person has a name, and tradition obliges Jews to remember their name when they die. In the case of the nine Jews hanged in Baghdad's Tahrir (Liberation) Square, 45 years ago, and dozens of others who disappeared without trace, their names are memorialised at the Babylonian Heritage Centre in Or Yehuda and at another monument in Ramat Gan, Israel.
But there was a tenth man. His name, Jamal Hakim, does not figure on any list. He was 18 when he was hanged - too young to be executed according to Iraqi law. The regime falsified his age. Presumably he is included among the five Muslims and Christians also executed on that fateful 27 January 1969.
Jamal Hakim had a Jewish father and a Muslim mother. As often happens with mixed marriages, the family cut off all contact with Jamal's father, who moved away to Basra. His Jewish relatives had no idea of Jamal's existence, until they saw the terrified youngster appear in a televised show trial just before his death sentence was passed.
But there is worse. A Jewish prisoner, who consoled the distraught Jamal but was spared the cruel fate meted out to him and the other victims, says that Jamal had a sister who was also thrown into jail. She was beautiful. One can only imagine the abuses she was likely to have suffered. The Hakim family have no means of discovering her name or her fate.
For Miss Hakim there is no memory, no remembrance. Barring a miracle, she will remain faceless and nameless.
Forty-five years since the Baghdad hangings